Marlborough Primary School

Foundation Stage (Prime Areas)

The Nursery and Reception classes follow the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum and work towards the Early Learning Goals.

The Foundation Stage curriculum covers seven areas of learning and development. Three prime areas: Communication and language; Physical development and Personal, social and emotional development. 

It also covers four specific areas: Literacy, Mathematics, Understanding the world and Expressive arts and design.

The Early Learning Goals 

The areas of learning are divided into 3 prime areas and 4 specific areas. All children need to master the skills in the prime areas first before they can master the skills in the specific areas of learning. Please remember that these goals are for children who are between 40-60 months at the end of their time in the Foundation Stage, (end of Reception).

Primary Area  – Communication and Language 

Listening and attention
Children listen attentively in a range of situations. They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and

respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions. They give their attention to what others

say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.

Children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions. They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their

experiences and in response to stories or events.

Children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs. They use past, present and future

forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future. They develop their

own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.

Prime area – Physical Development

Moving and handling
Children show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements. They move confidently in a range

of ways, safely negotiating space. They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.

Health and self-care
Children know the importance for good health of physical exercise, and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep

healthy and safe. They manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing

and going to the toilet independently.

Prime Area – Personal, social and emotional development

Self-confidence and self-awareness
Children are confident to try new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others.

They are confident to speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources

they need for their chosen activities. They say when they do or don’t need help.

Managing feelings and behaviour
Children talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its

consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable. They work as part of a group or class, and

understand and follow the rules. They adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine

in their stride.

Making relationships
Children play co-operatively, taking turns with others. They take account of one another’s ideas about how

to organise their activity. They show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings, and form positive relationships

with adults and other children.

Click here for detailed information re: specific areas of learning